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Povidone Iodine (brand name Betadine)

Povidone iodine belongs to a class of antiseptics known as iodophores. These chemicals exert their antiseptic effect by slowly releasing iodine. Antiseptics (sometimes called germicides) are chemicals that kill or prevent the growth of microorganisms such as bacteria, fungi, viruses, protozoa and bacterial spores. Povidone iodine is used for the treatment or prevention of infection in minor cuts and abrasions and small areas of burns. It is also used for the treatment of fungal and bacterial skin infections.

Available as topical solution, ointment, or surgical scrub (a detergent version used as a skin disinfectant). Betadine is a dark, reddish-brown liquid used as a topical treatment to promote healing of wounds.  It can be applied directly to open wounds on the body of injured fish.  (Do not add Betadine to your aquarium water!)  Direct contact with this compound disinfects wounds and prevents secondary infections.  Infected tissue absorbs the disinfectant and is stained red-brown, making it easy to monitor the healing process. It is especially useful as first aid treatment for mechanical injuries and for treating white tail disease (tail rot) and white patch disease in seahorses.  Do not allow this product to contact the eyes, gills, or mouth of the injured fish.  It can be dribbled over the affected area, thereby minimizing direct contact with the wound and avoiding any further damage to the fishes slime coat.

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