Ocean Rider Seahorse Farm and Tours | Kona Hawaii › Forums › Seahorse Life and Care › Compatability with Erectus
- This topic has 3 replies, 2 voices, and was last updated 13 years, 10 months ago by Pete Giwojna.
August 2, 2009 at 12:56 am #1726holdyourhorsesMember
I have a mated pair of Erectus in a 65 g tank.I would like to put 1 picasso clownfish with them.Could this cause aby disruptive issues in regards to seahorses breeding?
HYRAugust 2, 2009 at 6:31 am #4924Pete GiwojnaGuest
Yes, sir, the Picasso clownfish is an especially attractive color variant of the ever popular Percula Clownfish (Amphiprion percula), which is one of the clownfish species that does well with large seahorses such as Mustangs and Sunbursts (Hippocampus erectus). Your 65-gallon seahorse tank is large enough to support the clownfish as well as the seahorses and you may certainly consider adding a captive-bred-and-raised Picasso clown to the tank if you are willing to do the following three things:
(1) keep the clownfish without a host anemone to make sure the seahorses are not accidentally stung;
(2) quarantine the Picasso clownfish before you introduce it to the main tank to make sure it is healthy and not carrying any parasites;
(3) target feed or hand feed your seahorses to make sure they get their fair share of the frozen Mysis at feeding time (clownfish love the Mysis as much as the seahorses do).
Your 65-gallon aquarium should be spacious enough so that adding the clownfish should not interfere with the courtship and mating of the seahorses in any way.
This is what I normally advise home hobbyists regarding clownfish and the proper way to feed seahorses that are maintained in a community with other fishes:
Clownfish meet many of the criteria for suitable tankmates, but should generally be regarded with caution (Giwojna, Feb. 2004). Most species, such as Tomato Clowns (Amphiprion frenatus), Maroon Clowns (Premnas biaculeatus), and Skunk Clownfish are surprisingly aggressive and territorial, and should be shunned on that basis. Others do best when keep with anemones, which are a threat to seahorses. All clownfish are prone to Brooklynella and Marine Velvet (Amyloodinium), and should be considered Ich (Cryptocaryon irritans) magnets as well (Giwojna, Feb. 2004). The only species I would recommend as companions for seahorses are Percula Clowns (Amphiprion percula) and False Percula Clownfish (A. ocellaris), and then only after a rigorous quarantine period (Giwojna, Feb. 2004). Captive-bred specimens are best and the cultured A. occelaris or percula are not normally territorial or aggressive toward seahorses.
Feeding Seahorses in the Community Tank
When keeping seahorses in an appropriately elaborate environment, it is imperative that you feed them properly! Domesticated seahorses thrive on enriched frozen Mysis as their staple, everyday diet. But the worst thing you can do when feeding the seahorses in a intricate reef or live rock environment is to scatter a handful of frozen Mysis throughout the tank to be dispersed by the currents and hope that the hungry horses can track it all down. Inevitably some of the frozen food will be swept away and lodge in isolated nooks and crannies where the seahorses cannot get it (Giwojna, 2005). There it will begin to decompose and degrade the water quality, which is why ammonia spikes are common after a heavy feeding. Or it may be wafted out into the open again later on and eaten after it has begun to spoil. Either outcome can have dire consequences (Giwojna, 2005).
The best way to avoid such problems is to target feed your seahorses or set up a feeding station for them. See my online article in Conscientious Aquarist for a detailed discussion explaining exactly how to set up a feeding station and train your seahorses to use it:
Click here: Seahorse Feeders
Personally, I prefer to target feed my seahorses instead, and handfeeding is my favorite technique for this. The individual personalities of seahorses naturally extend to their feeding habits. Some are aggressive feeders that will boldly snatch food from your fingers, while some are shy and secretive, feeding only when they think they’re not being observed. Some like to slurp up Mysis while it’s swirling through the water column, and some will only take Mysis off the bottom of the tank. Some are voracious pigs that greedily scarf up everything in sight, and some are slow, deliberate feeders that painstakingly examine every morsel of Mysis before they accept or reject it. Some eat like horses and some eat like birds. So how does the seahorse keeper make sure all his charges are getting enough to eat at mealtime? How does the hobbyist keep the aggressive eaters from scarfing up all the mouth-watering Mysis before the slower feeders get their fair share? And how can you keep active fishes and inverts with seahorses without the faster fishes gobbling up all the goodies before the slowpoke seahorses can grab a mouthful?
Target feeding is the answer. Target feeding just means offering a single piece of Mysis to one particular seahorse, and then watching to see whether or not the ‘horse you targeted actually eats the shrimp. Feeding each of your seahorses in turn that way makes it easy to keep track of exactly how much each of your specimens is eating.
There are many different ways to target feed seahorses. Most methods involve using a long utensil of some sort to wave the Mysis temptingly in front of the chosen seahorse; once you’re sure this has attracted his interest, the Mysis is released so it drifts down enticingly right before the seahorse’s snout. Most of the time, the seahorse will snatch it up as it drifts by or snap it up as soon as it hits the bottom.
A great number of utensils work well for target feeding. I’ve seen hobbyists use everything from chopsticks to extra long tweezers and hemostats or forceps to homemade pipettes fashioned from a length of rigid plastic tubing. As for myself, I prefer handfeeding when I target feed a particular seahorse.
But no doubt the all-time favorite implement for target feeding seahorses is the old-fashioned turkey baster. The old-fashioned ones with the glass barrels work best because the seahorses can see the Mysis inside the baster all the way as it moves down the barrel and out the tip. By exerting just the right amount of pressure on the bulb, great precision is possible when target feeding with a turkey baster. By squeezing and releasing the bulb ever so slightly, a skillful target feeder can keep a piece of Mysis dancing at the very tip of the baster indefinitely, and hold the tempting morsel right in front of the seahorse’s mouth as long as necessary. Or if the seahorse rejects the Mysis the first time it drifts by, a baster makes it easy to deftly suck up the shrimp from the bottom so it can be offered to the target again. In the same way, the baster makes it a simple matter to clean any remaining leftovers after a feeding session. (You’ll quickly discover the feeding tube is also indispensable for tapping away pesky fish and invertebrates that threaten to steal the tempting tidbit before an indecisive seahorse can snatch it up. And it’s great for tapping on the cover to ringing the dinner bell and summon the diners for their gourmet feast!)
In short, target feeding allows the hobbyist to assure that each of his seahorses gets enough to eat without overfeeding or underfeeding the tank. And it makes it possible to keep seahorses in a community tank with more active fishes that would ordinarily out-compete them for food, since the aquarist can personally deliver each mouthful to the seahorses while keeping more aggressive specimens at bay.
The key to keeping active specimens like percula clownfish or cleaner shrimp successfully with seahorses is to feed the other fish and inverts with standard, off-the-shelf aquarium foods first, and once they’ve had their fill, then target feed or hand feed the seahorses.
Best wishes with all your fishes, holdyourhorses!
Pete GiwojnaAugust 2, 2009 at 8:28 am #4925holdyourhorsesGuest
Should I understand that the Picasso will not prevent my pair from breeding in the future?
HYHAugust 3, 2009 at 1:59 am #4926Pete GiwojnaGuest
Yes, sir, that’s correct — in my opinion, a Picasso clownfish should not be a disruptive force if added to your 65-gallon seahorse tank. I don’t think that adding the clownfish to a tank that size will have any affect on the future breeding success of your Hippocampus erectus, providing you feed the seahorses properly to make sure that they receive good nutrition and that you quarantine the clownfish to make sure that it’s healthy beforehand.
Best wishes with all your fishes!
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