Ocean Rider Seahorse Farm and Tours | Kona Hawaii › Forums › Seahorse Life and Care › toltrazuril/myxozoan treatment
- This topic has 3 replies, 2 voices, and was last updated 15 years, 2 months ago by Pete Giwojna.
March 28, 2008 at 8:34 pm #1388herpvetMember
Just wondered if anyone had any experience of toltrazuril in seahorses at all? I\’m a vet treating a group with a likely myxozoal problem. I have a general fish dose of toltrazuril, but wondered if anyone here had any experience in seahorses specifically with this drug?
Thanks for any help,
Bruce Maclean.March 29, 2008 at 1:21 am #4058Pete GiwojnaGuest
I have no experience treating seahorses with toltrazuril specifically, but I suspect that they will tolerate the general fish dose very well.
It has been my experience that Hippocampus need not be considered at all delicate when it comes to disease treatments. Seahorses usually tolerate all the usual chemothberapeutics well, including copper sulfate, formalin, malachite green (or combinations thereof), and methylene blue. They typically handle antiparasitic agents (e.g., metronidazole, fenbendazole, praziquantel, and dylox) with no problems and do well at both hyposalinity and hypersalinity when it comes to osmotic shock therapy (OST). They can be treated readily with most antibiotics regardless of whether they are injected, ingested or administered as baths.
In short, I have found that Hippocampus generally tolerates the same treatments and standard dosages used for other finfish and marine teleost fishes.
The only medications I specifically avoid when treating seahorses are copper sulfate and chloroquine. Although they tolerate copper sulfate well, it has the unfortunate side effect of suppressing the immune system as well as the usual difficulty of maintaining the proper therapeutic dose, and there are now safer medications and treatment options that are more effective than copper sulfate for treating Cryptocaryon and other parasites. Some syngnathids have been reported to be sensitive to chloroquine, so I avoid that as well.
In short, I would not hesitate to treat seahorses with toltrazuril at the appropriate dose for other teleost fishes of similar size and weight.
There is a reference on the subject of myxozoal problems in fishes (Histopathology of Protistan and Myxozoan Infections in Fishes, by Iva Dykova and Jiri Lom) that you may find helpful if you don’t already have a copy, Bruce. See the following URL for further details if you are interested:
Best of luck treating the group of seahorses with the myxozoan infection, sir!please keep us informed regarding the results of the treatments
Pete GiwojnaMarch 29, 2008 at 2:05 am #4061herpvetGuest
Thanks very much for that useful reply! I’ve been using several treatments in this group from general fish doses
It also answers my question about use of amprolium – a couple of studies suggest amprolium/salinomycin combination in feed, but I can’t find a bath dose for salinomycin, and the in-feed doses seem impractical. The short term natuere of the toltrazuril dose (1 hr bath) sounds safer for trial treatment (in terms of easy removal if any show bad reactions) than the prolonged bath dose of amprolium I have.
Anyway, I will let you know any experiences!
Bruce.March 30, 2008 at 5:00 am #4065Pete GiwojnaGuest
You’re very welcome, sir!
it is very refreshing to meet a Veterinarian who is willing to work with seahorses. Most Vets want nothing to do with tropical fish, in general, let alone exotic oddities such as Hippocampus. Please do keep us informed regarding the efficacy of your treatments for the herd of seahorses you are treating for a myxozoan infection.
I would also encourage you to apply for membership in the Syngnathidae discussion group (http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/syngnathidae/), if you don’t already belong, sir, as described below:
Stakeholders (e.g. public aquarium representatives, conservation biologists, veterinarians) met at a recent international aquarium workshop to address the husbandry, management and conservation of seahorses. The need for better communication was a key output from the workshop so this list-server was organised to help facilitate future discussions and to broaden the network.
I am a member of the Syngnathidae group, and it is an excellent way to keep abreast of the latest treatments for seahorses, seadragons, and pipefish.
Best of luck with all of your projects, Bruce!
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